Everything You Need To Know About Hard Water

Hard water is measured by the amount of parts per million (ppm) of calcium and magnesium salts in your water. High PPM rates can result in the generation of limescale which affects showerheads & taps, household appliances and can also result in slow running water. If living in a hard water area with over 200 calcium and/or magnesium salts PPM measures should be taken to reduce the risks of limescale in the household.

What Is Hard Water?

Hard water is water that has high mineral content such as calcium and magnesium. Approximately 65% of the UK’s population is affected by hard water which causes scale to build up in pipes, washing machines and hot water systems.

If untreated the build-up of hard water cannot only leave unsightly deposits around taps and showers but can pose serious problems to the efficiency and effectiveness of everyday household appliances with a heating element and your hot water system – ultimately costing you money. You can follow this guide by Residence Style to solve hard water problems if you’re not aware of the solutions.

What is Limescale?

Though the salts in hard water are not harmful to humans, they can wreak havoc on appliances throughout the home, separating from the water as it is heated to form limescale crystals. When this accumulates in boilers, washing machines, dishwashers, kettles, showers and other appliances which heat the hard water in your pipes: problems begin to appear.

How Can Limescale Cost You Extra?

You may have noticed a limescale build up in your kettle, for example: a thin (or perhaps not so thin) crusty layer around the heating element in the bottom of the kettle. This is a sign that you live in a hard water area.

This element is what heats your water to boiling point. Ask yourself: how effectively can it do this with a layer of scale in the way? The same problem occurs in all systems and appliances which need to heat the hard water travelling around the system.

Symptoms of Hard Water

To see whether you suffer from hard water in your area simply answer these basic questions – if you answer yes to any one of them it is more than likely that you live in a hard water area.

Does your shower head or taps get clogged up regularly with limescale deposits?

Over time, limescale caused by hard water can build up and damage the shower head and taps. Not only does it reduce the power and efficiency of the appliances but it is difficult to clean off.

Do your hot taps run slower than normal due to the build up of limescale?

The build-up of limescale in pipes restricts the flow of water and clogs your water system.

Do you find that your appliances such as your boiler, kettle and washing machine breakdown easily?

Limescale acts as an insulator on heating elements, causing them to get much hotter than they should until they overheat and breakdown Alternatively why not try our hard water area map to see if the area you live in is affected by hard water.

Hard water is measured by the amount of calcium and magnesium salts in your water. This is expressed in the UK as parts per million (ppm) as follows:

Moderately Soft
Slightly Hard
Moderately Hard
Very Hard
0-50 ppm
50-100 ppm
100-150 ppm
150-200 ppm
200-300 ppm
300-400 ppm

If total water hardness exceed 200 ppm steps should be taken to treat the feed water to water heaters and the hot water circuit of combi boilers to reduce the rate of accumulation of limescale.

Not only will this prevent the common symptoms of hard water but it is also a legal requirement in accordance with Part L Building Compliance Guidelines which state:

Where the mains total water hardness exceeds 200 parts per million, provision should be made to treat the feed water to water heaters and the hot water circuit to reduce the build-up of limescale.

This is the recommended minimum standards for efficiency, system circulation, system preparation, hot water storage and commissioning for gas-fired, oil-fired, electric and solid fuel wet central heating systems.

Top 10 Nautical Bathroom Decor Ideas You Must Explore

Having a seaside-themed bathroom is a dream come true, especially for those people who have enjoyed the bliss of life beside the sea. Nautical bathrooms are expertly designed to have a beautiful beachside effect. If you want to give your bathroom that exquisite appearance of luxury, it is essential that you get some expert ideas on the best ways you can achieve a grand nautical décor.

With the right tricks and accessories, you can have perfect nautical décor, and bring about a bright maritime feeling with a fish themed bathroom, right there in your home! To achieve this, here are some great nautical bathroom décor ideas you can try out:

  1. Bathroom color scheme:

One idea that can be easily implemented to create a nautical themed bathroom is in the style of painting used. Using a light shade of blue, white, sand-brown, sea-foam greens, and soft pinks. These can be used for the bathroom walls, or you can have blue-patterned bathroom tiles would easily give an impression of the sky and the sea. It should, however, be noted that the color should have a touch of some natural sunlight to achieve the expansive outdoor effect.

  1. Use luxurious round mirrors

Asides the paint colors, the appropriate bathroom mirrors can be designed to bring life on the sea to your bathroom. This requires that they are installed in distinct and lovely round frames. These have a way of accentuating the maritime effect in the bathroom, making it look like a ship’s porthole. Having round mirrors would bring in that sea accent in a simple and elegant way.

  1. Decoration with sea-environment accessories

Having accessories which are peculiar to living on the ship, or at the seaside can be a really great idea for a nautical bathroom. You can adorn your bathroom counters with jars of beach sand, seashells, and corals, starfish, a small sail from a sailboat, as well as a captain’s wheel hanging on the wall. These and others are artworks that can be purchased as bathroom items. It all just requires some creativity with your space.

  1. Sea-inspired lighting:

To give your bathroom the nautical effect, you can switch up the lighting tones to a quiet and relaxing atmosphere. You can install some lights under the cabinets to create that soft seaside ambiance.

  1. Use natural materials:

Natural materials such as wood can be paneled and used in your bathroom floors and walls. Asides the ceramic materials, you can also get creative by including wooden materials to copy a deck appearance. Bringing in wallpapers with images of the sea and fishes is a great way to mirror a natural texture.

  1. Select a specific coastal theme:

Once you want to create a nautical bathroom, you have to select a specific theme based on your space. This would help you organize the space expertly. You can choose from a yacht-theme to a beach house theme, a maritime/on-shore theme, or a plain fish themed bathroom. There are several themes you can explore, but it would be preferable to stick to one.

  1. Create a holiday atmosphere:

The beachside or seaside naturally conjures up that feeling of relaxing at vacation. Why not bring that to your bathroom by carefully bringing in accessories of comfort and personal taste. This would evoke memories of holidays spent at the beach or at sea, right there in your bathroom.

  1. Add a rustic touch:

You can create a rustic, lived-in atmosphere that mirrors maritime life by including some faded colors and accessories to your bathroom space. Having rough white-colored walls, charms and old accessories, cool blue tones and natural hooks and ropes to hang towels is a great idea for a rustic, old-fashioned yet classic touch in your nautical bathroom.

  1. Use pebble tiles:

This is a simple idea to give your bathroom that coastal beach-like feeling. White pebble tiles or natural-colored pebble tiles for the floor and walls are a fantastic option. Having some natural pebbles in jars or on the sink also helps to achieve the nautical effect.

  1. Go modern in creating a Miami beach theme:

Having that Miami vibe is another great idea you can explore. This requires a modern stylish approach, using luxurious and bright accessories and colors. Whatever you want, you can always achieve by bringing in creative finishing touches for your perfect nautical bathroom!


Cool DIYs To Update Your Bedroom

The bedroom is a place of rest. It is like a sacred place where one would go to rest and rejuvenate. Most people want to retreat to a very relaxing space especially at the end of their very busy and tiring days. Making this space comfortable, organized and good looking is good. Upgrading the bedroom helps achieve that calming environment for good relaxation and energizing nights. Upgrading the bedroom does not have to be expensive. There are very many simple and very cheap ways of achieving exactly that. Ways that you can do yourself.


One of the ways to do these is repainting the room. Paint is one the best ways to refresh a room. It can be done cheaply since almost everyone can paint. It is good to consider the matching colors for different parts of the walls. If the room has a dresser, it can also be painted to match the overall theme created by the painting. In some cases, it might be impossible to repaint or paint the floor, but in cases where it is possible to do so, it should also match the overall theme of the bedroom.

Another way I consider good for upgrading a bedroom is the use of artwork and wallpapers. Using artwork, drawings or paintings add flavor to the walls and makes them look alive. A good example is a good painting fitting the wall behind the bed. You can also have a gallery wall. Choose a wall and hang up the best of your pictures, decors or even paintings making sure that you mix and match each to the other to create a beautiful pattern. Patterns can be different like dotted, striped or mixed pattern.

One can also do a rearrangement of the room. A clumsy, untidy and an ever-full room will certainly require a rearrangement. To stand with, it is not a must for bed o always be at the corner of the room. No one said that a bed can’t be at the middle of a wall, or in front of a window. It is very normal for a bed to be any way in the room. It is also good to organize your clothing. Have a very organized dresser. Put away things that are not fit
for a bedroom like utensils.

Updating the furniture, curtains, and beddings is also a great way of upgrading your bedroom. It is not a must to buy new things for this. You can do this by having beddings matching with the color theme of the room. Use of the correct furniture is also a great way of upgrading the room. For example, it is good to have a pin storage banner to showcase all your favorite pins and brooches.

A room will never look good or upgraded in any way if it is dirty. Make a habit to make sure that the bedroom is always tidy. To start with, throw away the useless thing taking up space in the bedroom like unused backpacks. Figure out what is keeping the room untidy and deal with it. Keep a clean bedroom.

There many more ways of upgrading any bedroom to suit your preferences and liking and make it a resting place. A place to energize and rejuvenate your body.